Where is Calabria, Italy on a Map? As you can see visually below, Calabria is an Italian region located in Southern Italy, Mezzogiorno in Italian. It is generally known as the toe of the boot of Italy.
Calabria is a narrow peninsula that stretches for 154 mi (248 km) from north to south. It borders the region of Basilicata to the north. It is surrounded by the Ionian Sea to the east and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west.
To the south-west the Strait of Messina separates Calabria from the island of Sicily, which at its narrowest point is only about 2mi (3.2 km).
Where Is Calabria, Italy Located on the Map?
What is the Capital of Calabria, Italy?
The capital of Calabria, Italy, is Catanzaro. With about 91.000 inhabitants, it is the second-largest town in the region by population.
The capital of Calabria, Catanzaro, used to be known as the City of the three V because of three distinctive features.
- Vitaliano: Its patron saint, San Vitaliano, Saint Vitalian in English.
- Vento: The constant and strong wind, vento in Italian, from the Ionian Sea and the mountainous plateau of La Sila.
- Velluto: Catanzaro was an important silk center since Byzantine times. VVV was the symbol that identified the fine silks, velvets, damasks, and brocades made in Catanzaro.
Map of Calabria Region, Italy
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions about Calabria, Italy
What is the population of Calabria, Italy?
The population of Calabria, Italy, is approximately 1,900,000 inhabitants
How Many Provinces Are In Calabria, Italy?
Calabria is divided into four provinces, and one metropolitan city.
What Are The Provinces Of Calabria Italy?
The four provinces are Cosenza, Catanzaro, Crotone and Vibo Valentia, and the metropolitan city, Reggio Calabria.
Where Is Reggio Calabria In Italy?
Reggio Calabria is located on the toe of the Italian Peninsula, on the slopes of the rugged Aspromonte mountain range. It is separated from the island of Sicily by the Strait of Messina.
With approximately 180,000 inhabitants, Reggio di Calabria is the largest and most populous city in Calabria. It is the capital of the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria that replaced the province of Reggio Calabria in 2017.
How Do You Pronounce Calabria, Italy?
How Big Is Calabria, Italy?
Calabria covers 5,877 sq mi (15,221 km2).
To put it into perspective, it is about the same size as the state of Connecticut, USA, which is 5,543 sq mi (14,357 km2).
How Old Is Calabria, Italy?
Calabria has one of the oldest records of human presence in Italy. The first traces date back to the Old Stone Age.
How Far Is Calabria, Italy, from Rome?
The road distance between Rome and Reggio di Calabria is 437 mi (703.8 km). The distance (in a straight line) is 310 mi (500 km). The train from Roma Termini to Reggio Calabria Centrale takes almost 5 hours.
What is the Calabria, Italy, Flag?
The flag of Calabria contains four symbols representing Calabria: the black pine, the Doric capital, the Byzantine cross and the cross potent.
- The black pine represents the natural beauty of Calabria.
- The Doric capital is a symbol of the splendid age of Magna Graecia and its legacy.
- To the left, the Byzantine cross recalls the time in which Calabria was part of the Byzantine empire and represented, together with Puglia, a bridge between the West and the East.
- To the right, the cross potent recalls the bravery of the Calabrian crusaders that fought during the First Crusade.
What is the Nearest Airport to Calabria, Italy?
Calabria is served by three airports.
- Lamezia Terme International Airport, located in Lamezia Terme, is the main airport in Calabria regarding the number of passengers per year.
- A second airport, Reggio Calabria Airport, also known as Aeroporto dello Stretto, is located in Reggio, about 3 miles (5 km) south from the city center. It can be accessed by car or public transport.
- The third is the small Aeroporto di Crotone that is only used during the summer season. It is also accessible by car or the local bus service.
What Is The Weather In Calabria Italy?
The coastal areas of Calabria feature a typical Mediterranean climate.
The east coast of Calabria is warmer than the west coast. It also rains more on the west coast than on the east coast.
What Is The Temperature In Calabria Italy?
During the summer months coastal areas have an average high of 86 °F (30 °C ) and during the winter months an average low of 46.5 °F (8 °C ).
Does It Snow In Calabria Italy?
In the coastal areas of Calabria, it does not snow, but mountain areas like Sila or Pollino have frequent snow during winter.
Interesting, Fun Facts About Calabria, Italy
- Natives of Calabria are called Calabrian in English and calabrese in Italian.
- Calabria is mostly mountainous (42%) or hilly (49%). Plains occupy only 9% of the peninsula’s territory.
- Calabria has three impressive mountain ranges: Pollino, La Sila and Aspromonte.
- The massif of Pollino is a part of the Pollino National Park, the largest national park in Italy.
- The Pollino mountains are home to the rare Bosnian Pine.
- The plateau of La Sila is said to have the purest air in Europe. It houses the spectacular Sila National Park with very rich biodiversity and stunning natural wonders. It features the Giants of the Sila, the tallest trees in Italy that can reach up to 130 ft (40 m) in height.
- The Corsican Pine or Black Pine is native to Sila. The Ancient Roman poet Virgil already discussed the vast areas of Sila covered with pines.
- Calabria is home to the Griko people also known as Grecanici. They are an ethnic Greek community in Southern Italy and have been able to preserve to some extent their original Greek language, identity, and distinct heritage.
- Greek people arrived in Southern Italy in different waves of migrations, from the ancient Greek colonization of Southern Italy and Sicily in the 8th century BC through to the Byzantine Greek migrations of the 15th century.
- Although its name changed with major historical phases, Reggio Calabria is the oldest city in Calabria. It has a 3,500-year history. The Greek City of Rhegion was a thriving colony of Magna Graecia from the 8th to the 3rd centuries BC.
- During the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake the city of Reggio was almost totally destroyed and many people died. It is for this reason that it features a modern urban system.
- Reggio Calabria is home to one of the most important archeological museums in Italy, the National Museum of Magna Graecia. It houses two of the few surviving full-size ancient Greek bronzes, the Riace Warriors, that were found in the sea near Riace in 1972.